An acronym for Customer Relationship Management, CRM is a term originally defined and designed to improve customer service. Today it almost relates to an entire business strategy. So while the term refers to a systematic approach to handling customer relationships, it transforms into providing holistic approach to a business strategy.
Customer refers to an entity that acquires or consumes goods or services from a desired firm (through the process of purchasing or renting) for a mutually decided price and has the ability to choose between different products and suppliers. In this sense a customer is also known as client, buyer, purchaser or user of the products/services delivered or provided by a firm or organization also called the supplier, seller or the service provider.
Relationship in business refers to a state involving mutual dealings between people or parties. It involves interactions with customers or prospects to better understand their requirements and to build an expectation through different channels of communication. The more one interacts, the more chances of building a strong business relationship on the grounds of proper understanding of customers.
Management refers to managing of customer interactions. This does not merely mean customer support but in its true sense aims at mobilizing the entire organization towards management of all interactions with the customers, thus involving a customer-centric thinking and acting .